Menu Content/Inhalt
Home arrow Topics arrow FUS-MRI compatibility
FUS-MRI compatibility

Siemens MRTo take advantage of the major benefits MR provides in the control of thermal ablations, the focused ultrasound device has to be specifically designed for compatibility with the MR environment.

The major design constrains related to the use of a focused ultrasound device in the magnet bore of the MR, while acquiring images are:

  1. sensitivity of MR imaging to radio frequency interferences.
  2. temperature images based on PRF method are affected by local susceptibility changes
  3. sensitivity to para or ferro magnetic materials in the vicinity of the MR magnet.
  4. the limited space available for the device and the patient in the magnet bore.
radio frequency interferences
MR image displaying radio frequency interferences or spikes artifacts MR is extremely sensitive to radio frequency signals. Any electronic device used within the Faraday cage of the MR tend to produce RF interferences also called spikes [picture left of an MR image spoiled by RF artifacts]. Extreme care must be taken in the design, especially in the case of a powerful device like the 768W phased array generator developed for TargetedFUS, to avoid any RF noise in the frequency range of MR signal acquisition.
local susceptibility changes
MR image displaying temperature measurements errors due to transducer motion induced susceptibility changes MR temperature imaging with PRF is extremely sensitive to susceptibility changes in the imaging volume. Transducer motion for instance does produce large artifacts in the temperature maps in the course of its trajectory [picture left shows the large errors in the temperature and thermal dose maps due to the small spiraling motion of the transducer]. One simple way to avoid those artifacts is to use electronic steering of the focal spot by means of phased array technologies
Proximity of paramagnetic material
Metal artifacts due to susceptibility differences shown on MR modulus and phase images The transducer and its positioning system must be build exclusively from non magnetic materials [picture left shows MR modulus and phase images with various artifacts due to the presence of paramagnetic material in the transducer]. This exclude for instance the use of standard electrical motors and of most commonly used metals.
Limited space in the magnet bore
Image of the ESPREE MR system from Siemens with its larger bore Available space in the magnet bore is very limited as the diameter of common 1.5T and 3T MR magnets is 60cm. Siemens with its ESPREE system [picture left] does provide more patient room with a 70cm bore.